GUALFIN, ARGENTINA – Two very different things happened over the weekend. They are connected in a telling way.

First, hackers hit some 200,000 computers in 150 countries with “ransomware.”

Second, we received a summons to appear before a mandatory “mediation” with the “Diaguita community” – a group claiming indigenous rights that is trying to take the ranch away from us.

“Things have changed a lot since I was young,” said the previous owner of the ranch, giving us some advice.

“I remember my father sent me up [to our high pasture] to collect the rent from the local people. They didn’t want to pay. So I went back and told my father. He gave me a pistol and told me to go back up there… and don’t come back without payment.

“Well… I did. And they paid. But that was 50 years ago. I don’t think you should try that today.”

Poisonous “Bug”

But let us begin with the hackers.

According to one report, you don’t have to know anything about computers to send ransomware.

You just send a poisonous “bug” to someone’s computer. Then you say: “If you want the antidote, send money.”

In this case, the amount of money requested in ransom was small. Just $300. But it had to be paid in bitcoin. (Some people… including at least one dear reader… believe it was an insider job to get bitcoin made illegal.)

Many of the victims probably don’t know how to get their hands on bitcoin. So far, about $50,000 has been paid in ransom.

Presumably, more money will be arriving in the culprits’ accounts as the targets get their bitcoin wallets set up.

This latest hack attack is a setback for internet commerce. But progress is always episodic. And always subject to backsliding.

There are bursts of rapid advance… and then some reversing… lollygagging around… and finally another move forward.

Dropping the atom bomb on Hiroshima marked a kind of “progress.” But the kind of progress we’re talking about is different. It increases as more people get more of what they want. That requires win-win deals. And win-win deals are built on trust.

Of course, nobody knows for sure how any deal will turn out. But both sides go into win-win deals believing they will come out ahead.

Otherwise, they wouldn’t bother.

Trusting Society

It’s no coincidence that “high trust societies” – like Switzerland, Norway, Singapore, and Denmark – are also the world’s richest.

Today, people put in an order on… a store they’ve never visited… with people they’ve never met… for products they may never have seen.

Then they send money via the internet, not even knowing where it goes. But they trust they will get what they ordered. The Economist:

The share of retail shopping done online jumped from 5.1% in 2011 to 8.3% last year. That figure disguises the damage e-commerce has done to specific parts of retailing… Two-thirds of books, music and films are now purchased online, as well as over two-fifths of office supplies and toys, according to Cowen and Company, a financial-services firm.

This is not the first time we had such a trusting society. Economist John Maynard Keynes described a similar period a century ago in his book The Economic Consequences of the Peace:

What an extraordinary episode in the economic progress of man that age was which came to an end in August, 1914… The inhabitant of London could order by telephone, sipping his morning tea in bed, the various products of the whole earth, in such quantity as he may see fit, and reasonably expect their early delivery upon his doorstep…

Cheating the System

Trust receded sharply after 1914 and the outbreak of World War I. International trade collapsed. Progress went backward and then proceeded only in fits and starts through World War I, the Great Depression, and World War II.

By 1950, half the world was off limits to international trade altogether… and threatened to destroy the other half.

Then, gradually, trust recovered. China joined the world economy in 1979 with a program of economic reforms. A decade later, the Soviet Union broke apart, and its former constituents followed suit.

The number of international trade agreements increased fivefold in the following decade. More people made more economic progress than ever before.

Chinese wages rose 10% a year for more than 20 years even as more than 100 million people entered the urbanized labor force.

But trust is cyclical. The more trusting people become, the easier it is to rip them off!

And as it becomes easier to make money by betraying people’s trust, the more people are motivated to do it.

Now, most of the world trusts the internet for fast, accurate communications. Is it any wonder that so many people find it profitable to cheat the system?

And now, with so much of the world’s labor and commerce subject to international competition, is it any wonder that so many people are eager to stop it?

More to come… including how America’s elite ripped off the working classes… and how the “Diaguita community” threatens to rip off your editor…





Market Insight: Defense Stocks Are Rallying


bill bonner

One part of the swamp President Trump is not draining is the military-industrial complex.

In fact, defense and aerospace stocks have been off to the races since Election Day.

The iShares U.S. Aerospace & Defense ETF (ITA) tracks the performance of 39 U.S. companies that manufacture aircraft and other defense equipment.

Its top holdings include F-35 Joint Strike Fighter maker Lockheed Martin, M1 Abrams tank maker General Dynamics, and the world’s largest producer of missiles, Raytheon.

As you can see from today’s chart, since Trump was elected president, ITA is up 18% versus a gain of about 12% for the S&P 500 – an outperformance of 47%.

Chris Lowe

Editor’s Note: With increased military tensions around the globe, defense stocks will continue to climb. The biggest winners in the coming spending spree won’t be the industry giants. Thanks to a new government program, these four small-cap defense companies could see returns of over 1,000% in the coming years. Learn more here.

Featured Reads

Why Apple Refused to Hack a Terrorist’s iPhone
The recent cyberattack Bill mentioned above used a malicious program that originated with the NSA. This breach sheds light on why tech companies often distrust government agencies with their technology secrets.

The Numbers Behind “Sell in May and Go Away”
The month of May is historically bad for stock markets. And the adage of “sell in May and go away” has the numbers to back up the message.

Here’s How the U.S. Destroys Itself
Colleague Doug Casey sees a coming crisis for the U.S. It will start when the value of the dollar plummets. And then it will get worse…


As Bill mentioned above, one reader wrote in with a possible explanation for the recent string of cyberattacks around the world.

The WannaCry ransomware was developed by the NSA. Supposedly, it was stolen and leaked to criminals, who launched this attack for monetary gain. However, I believe this is really a false flag attack so governments around the world can have an excuse to ban Bitcoin and all other cryptocurrencies.

Governments issue fiat currencies, which they can and do manipulate. Rather than lose control of a future economy based on cryptocurrencies, governments will now be persuaded to ban Bitcoin.

If you think about it in a strictly Machiavellian way, it’s brilliant, really.

– Ronald S.

Meanwhile, Bill’s recent essay on the American Civil War continues to be a popular topic…

Assuming that the Civil War was a war against state’s rights, was the whole speech and concept of “A house divided against itself cannot stand” nothing more than a clever slogan? Slave owners were drunk on slavery. It seems unlikely that they would have been willing to come to some type of “reasonable compromise” or “grand bargain,” let alone abide by a prohibition of slavery.

I think that Lincoln was correct when he stated “this nation cannot survive half free and half slave.”

– Bill F.

Editor’s Note: As a special treat to all the Civil War buffs who read the Diary, we’ve unlocked Bill’s review of Shelby Foote’s iconic three-volume history of the war. This is normally available only to paid-up lifetime subscribers of The Bill Bonner Letter, but now you can read it for free right here.